Wednesday, August 27, 2003

Folds: biology, architecture, philosophy

Lars Liljas - Protein Folds
"It is important to note that this classification of protein folds is not linked to any functional classification ... The actual fold of a protein is only a means to form a stable structural scaffold. On this scaffold, active sites and other functional properties are added. The existing folds are the result of their evolutionary history, rather than the suitability for a certain type of fold for a certain type of function. Still, many functions are connected to specific types of folds."

Timothy Lenoir - Flow, Process, Fold: Intersections in Bioinformatics and Contemporary Architecture (pdf)
"Deleuze’s “consistent or conspiring surroundings” are the possibilities of the outside – the potentials for change inherent in the local particularities of the environment – that intrude upon and influence the anthropomorphic form of the grid. Eisenman himself borrows Deleuze’s metaphor of folded paper in comparing the fold to origami: “Deleuze’s idea of folding is more radical than origami, because it contains no narrative, linear sequence; rather, in terms of traditional vision, it contains a quality of the unseen.” The grid is therefore inflected by what cannot be seen by the subject: the virtual field of possibilities indigenous to each site."

Greg Lynn - Animate Form
"Animation is a term that differs from, but is often confused with, motion. While motion implies movement and action, animation implies the evolution of a form and its shaping forces; it suggests animalism, animism, growth, actuation, vitality and virtuality ... Actual movement often involves a mechanical paradigm of multiple discrete positions, whereas virtual movement allows form to occupy a multiplicity of possible positions continuously with the same form."

Andrew Benjamin - Time, Question, Fold
"Complexity is the fold that as it is unfolded opens up further folds, which in being unfolded reveal further folds. What this means is that there can be no real beginning and, usually, no real end. The nature of inside and outside is recast by the complex fold. And yet of course within the movement there are real states. Static actual existence is not precluded; rather, it is to be thought as an interruption and thus as an eruption out of movement. In emerging, the static--the actual--reveals, allows itself to be uncanny, by enjoining new relations."

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